Why Facebook Won’t Make a Dislike Button

It seems that tech companies don’t exactly work according to its users preference, as seen with Apple taking away the headphone jack and Instagram not showing the newest posts first.

Out of the list, one request has been standing particularly long in the dusts – a Facebook dislike button. The closest change we’ve ever had to the iconic Facebook like button was the inclusion of five new reactions to accompany it, with the “angry” reaction being somewhat a close substitute for a dislike button. 

According to Facebook themselves, the reason to why they decided not to make a dislike button is the same reason why it has expanded the like button with reactions: liking and disliking something you see on the internet is way too simple and doesn’t do justice for the vast variety of content that circulates Facebook every day.

“A dislike felt very binary to Mark and the team,” Facebook Reactions product manager Sammi Krug told Tech Insider during a recent interview. The “Mark” she referred to is of course Mark Zuckerberg, who assembled a team one year ago to build the feature that is now called Reactions.

The internet has made it well-known to how Facebook needed a like button for some time now and it’s also agreeable among those who had no other way to react to tragedies such as a death of a loved one or national tragedy. The like button simply wasn’t enough to express one’s feeling to certain news, good or bad.

It was mentioned by Zuckerberg in a 2015 Q&A, that Facebook was working on a dislike button. 

“What they really want is the ability to express empathy,” he said of Facebook’s near 1.5 billion monthly users. “Not every moment is a good moment.”

While a true dislike button was considered at some point, implementing it wasn’t east, as Geoff Teehan, Facebook’s director of product design put it:

“This might seem like a pretty straightforward task: Just slap a thumbs down next to the Like button and ship it. It’s not nearly that simple though. People need a much higher degree of sophistication and richness in what choices we provide for their communications. Binary ‘like’ and ‘dislike’ doesn’t properly reflect how we react to the vast array of things we encounter in our real lives.”

Covid-19: What’s in Pfizer’s Vaccine and How Does It Work?

As a Covid-19 vaccine is being rolled out in larger parts of the Western world, mainly the U.S. and U.K., it’s important that we know what the vaccine is and contains as we’re the ones that will eventually agree on having it administered upon us.

“Help is on its way with this vaccine — and we can now say that with certainty, rather than with all the caveats,” the British health secretary, Matt Hancock, said in regards to the country’s role out of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. Five days later, the U.S. followed suit with their announcement of the authorisation of it for emergency use.

“Today our nation has achieved a medical miracle,” Trump said. “We have delivered a safe and effective vaccine in just nine months.”

Other than that the vaccine subsequently received regulatory approval later in Canada, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia; similar to the U.S., those countries will proide the first doses to the elderly, health workers and emergency crew.

What is in it?

“Nothing too surprising there,” said Dr. Matthew Heinz, a hospitalist based in Tucson, Arizona said in an interview with USA Today “It’s a normal way of packaging up medications for people.”

Active ingredient:

30 mcg of a nucleosidemodified messenger RNA (modRNA) encoding the viral spike (S) glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2.

The active ingredient works as a messenger RNA transmits the viral spike of SARS-CoV-2. That describes the modified mRNA that contains the code for cells to make the spike protein specific to virus that helps create antibodies to attack it.


lipids (0.43 mg (4-hydroxybutyl)azanediyl)bis(hexane-6,1-diyl)bis(2-hexyldecanoate), 0.05 mg 2[(polyethylene glycol)-2000]-N,N-ditetradecylacetamide, 0.09 mg 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine, and 0.2 mg cholesterol)

The fatty element of lipid molecule contains cholesterol and polyethylene glycol (PEG) among others; without them the mRNA would be broken down inside the body before being able to deliver the genetic code to the cell. This protective layer of fat I very fragile, which is why the vaccines are required to be stored at subzero temperatures with the use of dry ice or a special freezer for up to five days before use.


0.01 mg potassium chloride

0.01 mg monobasic potassium phosphate

0.36 mg sodium chloride

0.07 mg dibasic sodium phosphate dihydrate


6 mg sucrose  

The remaining ingredients are salts that that are natural to the body and sugar that protects the vaccine during freezing.

Prior to being injected into the patient’s arm, the vaccine takes on an extra dose of salt to further balance the pH of it.

“It’s a lot of science. These vaccines take a lot of work,” Heinz added. But “people should not be in any way concerned or bothered by that list (of ingredients).”

How does the vaccine work?

The first administered vaccine to show promising results in the final stages of tests, the new tyoe of mRNA vaccine uses a tiny fragment of genetic code from the pandemic virus to teach the body how to fight the Covid-19 virus and build immunity. 

According to the Food and Drug Administration in the U.S., “The vaccine contains a small piece of the [Covid-19] virus’s mRNA that instructs cells in the body to make the virus’s distinctive ‘spike’ protein,”

“When a person receives this vaccine, their body produces copies of the spike protein, which does not cause disease, but triggers the immune system to learn to react defensively, producing an immune response against [Covid-19].”

After the first injection, a second one is done 21 days later that will act as a booster. Immunity begins kicking in after the first dose but wears out after reaching full effect seven days after the second dose.

Side effects?

Margaret Keenan (C), 90, is applauded by staff as she returns to her ward after becoming the first person to receive the Pfizer-BioNtech Covid-19 vaccine at University Hospital in Coventry, central England, on December 8, 2020. – Britain on December 8 hailed a turning point in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic, as it begins the biggest vaccination programme in the country’s history with a new Covid-19 jab. (Photo by Jacob King / POOL / AFP)

The most commonly reported side effects are the usual pain at the injection site, tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, joint pain. It is also important to note that the side effects differ among people that already have existing health issues or allergies and can be vaccinated but caution.

5 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About the Exchange 106

Standing at a staggering 95 floors, to say one would be impressed by the extravagant that is The Exchange 106 would be an understatement.

To put it into perspective, the towering Petronas Twin Towers is 452 meters high while the Exchange 106 is 492 meters high, it is so that its now among the top 15 tallest buildings in the world.

If you are yet to visit it due to obvious reasons (COVID-19), here are 5 things you probably didn’t know about the Exchange 106!

Car park bays

As it is already home to several offices with many more to come in the future, a building of this size is destined to hold enough parking lots for it all, over 2,000 of it to be exact. It has 2,116 parking bays for its tenants, so it’s rest assured that parking wouldn’t be that much of a problem.

A lot of concrete

The construction of it involves one of the largest concrete pours in the world, to put it into perspective, the Twin Towers had 13,200 cubic meters of concrete poured into for construction while Exchange 106 has 20,200, which is as big as eight Olympic size swimming pools, holding the tile for second largest concrete pour recorded globally.

One floor every two to three days

According to project director Roland Suckling, the building was designed with speed and efficiency during construction in mind.

“We started off with a four-day cycle. A full floor is completed every four days. Then we moved to a three-day cycle. At the top of the building now, we’re doing two-day cycles on the concrete floor slabs,” Roland said.

All these was also thanks to the 2,000 workers who worked 22 hour shifts everyday of the week.

Green building

Other than being energy efficient and environmentally friendly, the building boasts high-performance insulated glass, Energy-efficient mechanical, electrical, plumbing (MEP) systems with Star rating, 100% LED lighting and state of the art lift technologies. On top of that, it is certified as a Green Building by Green Building Index (GBI).

Luxury promised

Exchanged 106 isn’t only modern and luxurious outside but also boasts the same characteristics inside as well. Among the many eye-catching features are high ceilings finished in English Burl wood, a 15 meter entrance lobby, 5 star concierge reception, sky lobby, marble floors and walls of the classiest of classiest.

John Lennon Death: Beatles and Fans Mark 40 Years Since

40 years ago, on this day, the world watched in shock and horror when news of Beatles and music icon John Lennon passed away after being shot at his Dakota apartment building at New York City.

While his music lives on in pop culture today and remains popular in almost all major music streaming platforms, the anniversary of his death saw former band members of the Beatles, family and fans around the world commemorating his life.

Lennon was remembered with flowers, candles and songs on Tuesday. In New York’s Central Park Strawberry Fields section, photos of the icon laid in a ringed mosaic of Imagine, along with magazines, a small tree and other memorable items while musicians stringed on to Lennon songs nearby.

The anniversary was also marked by Yoko Ono along with Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr, the two remaining band members of the Beatles as George Harrison died in 2001.

In her tweet, she also highlighted the impact gun violence has on lives, with it an image of Lennon’s bloodied eyeglasses and a list of people who had been killed by guns in the U.S. since his death.

Lennon was remembered by McCartney and Starr with old pictures of them in their younger days.

Other artists and fans also took to social media to commemorate the icon on the anniversary of his death.

2020 As Told by Twitter

2020 has been a ride so far. Looking back, there might not be a lot to ponder on as we’ve pretty much lived through the whole of it in quarantine at home while the coronavirus continues to turn our world very much upside down, but it only seem fit to review the year at it’s end.

In a year that is stricken very much by events, what other way to do so then to review it from what is being said on Twitter.


The beginning of 2020 itself was already a rough one as we started the year with Australia on fire.

And to make matters worst, we lost NBA icon Kobe Bryant to a helicopter crash

On the other hand, World War 3 was trending somehow due to rising tensions between the U.S. and Iraq. Safe to say, nothing escalated from there though, we still got a laugh out of it nonetheless.


Trump was impeached and then acquitted later on while Parasite made headlines at the Oscars.

Meanwhile, the world was trying to handle the fact the Shakira and Jennifer Lopez smoked the Super Bowl halftime show.


Covid-19 continued its tour throughout the world while we Malaysians had a Movement Control Order (MCO) to deal with.


So apparently the internet thought Kim Jong-Un had died for a few weeks; it also let to the rediscovery of his sister, Kim Yo-Jong which started a few that were “standing” her for a solid month.


Elon Musk’s child was born and we still aren’t quite sure how to pronounce his/her name

And of course, the internet did its thing


The Black Lives Matter protests were happening throughout the United States, amplified by organizations around the world and continues to this very day.


For some reason, social media was filled with cake cutting videos of people cutting into cakes that weren’t actually cakes, questioning our very own understanding of reality and if everything is actually cake.

And some of us just had to try though.


We lost the Black Panther, Chadwick Boseman, due to cancer and it’s safe to say that the icon made one last hurrah with a tweet from his official account announcing his death becoming the most liked tweet ever on Twitter.


Malaysians went through a roller-coaster of emotions after Anwar Ibrahim announced his “fierce” and “formidable” numbers


And due to political happenings and rising Covid-19 daily cases, we almost saw a national emergency being called by Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin.


The U.S. elections took place with Joe Biden coming out victorious while us Malaysians at home were enjoying the drama unfold in the U.S. when Budget 2021 was in the making.

While 2020 had another casualty as it took footballing icon Diego Maradona which sent shutters throughout Argentina and the footballing world.


To top it all off, Mariah Carey returned when the world needed her the most and gave us all hope for 2021 in the form of her music.

And of course, Snoop Dogg in a Santa Claus costume, that’s the tweet.

5 Things to Think About When Planning a Routine

Before the pandemic hit, you always had your routine set in place as you breeze through the usual weekday or weekend pretty much on autopilot mode; now that those routines have been brought to an unscheduled halt, you find it hard to go by your days and it seems to take forever to go through a single day, let alone week or month.

Since days spent now are very much different when compared to the days before social distancing, old routines need to be replaced with new ones in order to ensure that we maintain our health, productivity and all-round well-being. 

Since our old routines come to us somewhat naturally as our day goes by as before, creating one as planned may be tricky, but not entirely impossible. So, what can you do to create a structured, normal everyday schedule?

1) Morning Routines

It doesn’t matter if you’re even leaving the house or not, you should still get dressed up and carry on with the morning as usual. Take your morning shower, brush your teeth, shave and do your hair and make-up even if nobody is there to see it.

In stressful times, all these are essential that we start the day with the much-needed optimism and normalcy; although, a pajama day while working in bed occasionally is fine but know that too many of those may even dampen your spirits.

2) Work hours

If you are one of the many affected workers that are now working from home, you can be productive even though at home. Setting work hours can help with getting more done and eliminate the guilt for any work that might be hanging in the air. Setting work hours and having a designated work space would also help to keep you focus and not feeling persuaded to clean the house or watch a movie during work hours.

3) Eat healthy

If you had a healthy eating habit prior to the pandemic, don’t stop now! Your body should be kept healthy even on normal days; now with a pandemic in hands, it’s more of a reason to pick up on the habit if you haven’t already done so.

Eat nutritiously, exercise regularly, shave enough sleep and remember to go out for some fresh air every day.

4) Stay informed and stay calm

As things are changing every day and numbers of daily new cases are released every evening, we should be on point about what to do and what not to do during a pandemic. However, there’s a difference between staying informed and going down that never ending hole of information. 

It is essential to keep up with the news each day but it’s also important to set a time limit of perhaps 20 minutes to cut yourself off in order to not be bombarded with an overload of information.

5) Stay connected

Being away from the public need not mean that we should cut off communications with the outside world. We are all social beings and are designed to communicate even during a pulic health crisis out there. 

In a digital age, Zoom or FaceTime makes it easier to stay connected and to keep our relationships healthy; aim to have at least one personal conversation with family members and loved ones in a day, you’ll be surprised to how much being able to talk to someone at the end of your day helps with staying at home all the time.

Italian Baker Who Fed Neighbourhood During Covid-19 Pandemic Dies

When the coronavirus hit, the north of Italy saw an economic crash and also hardship among many; in a time where many would ponder on where to get their next meal from, Gianni Bernardinello, an Italian baker, saw this as an opportunity to provide.

Outside his shop in Milan’s Chinatown, Bernardinello would leave baskets full of bread, pizza and sweets for anybody who needs it.

A sign above the basket would read “to give a hand to those in need, help yourself and think of others too”.

After leaving out the baked goods and goodies, he would then immediately disappear as he didn’t want to embarrass anyone he might kno who would be waiting in line for the hand out.

“He said he was putting out leftovers at night but I also saw him putting out fresh bread in the middle of the day,” Alessandra De Luca, 56, a client and a friend said, “He was really worried.”

Unfortunately, Bernardinello died on Nov. 9 due to Covid-19 at a hospital in Milan, his daughter, Samuela Bernardinello, said. He was 76.

Before falling in, he would be at his bakery everyday even though his daughters begged him to stay at home.

“Between these walls there wasn’t a day in 130 years that they stopped making bread,” he used to say, “even under the bombings in 1943.”

Bernardinello was born in 1943 December 22nd in Montù Becaria near Milan. He started working at 12 as a goldsmith apprentice and then later on in life as a fashion photographer and starting a yarn business. A crisis in the 1980s led him to wanting to sell a “product that the people always need,” he told his daughters.

He bought Macchi Bakery in 1989 and never looked back, learning the art of bread making as the years went.

The bakery today is renamed “Berni”, Bernadinello’s nickname, and is a meeting place in the neighborhood where locals would stop by for coffee or listen to Berni talk about drones that he built or jazz festivals.

Scotland Becomes 1st Country to Make Period Products Free

Scotland has recently made history by being the first country in the world to provide free and universal access to period products, a move that has shifted the public discussion around menstruation.

After four years of campaigning, The Period Products (Free Provision) (Scotland) Act passed unanimously on Tuesday and will officially place a legal note on all local authorities to make period products available for all who need them, amplifying on the work done by councils like North Ayrshire which has been doing so since 2018.

Monica Lennon

Spearheaded by Scottish Labour’s health spokeswoman, Monica Lennon, she told the Guardian in an interview that this was “a proud day for Scotland”.

“This will make a massive difference to the lives of women and girls and everyone who menstruates.” Lennon said.

“There has already been great progress at a community level and through local authorities in giving everyone the chance of period dignity.

“There has been a massive change in the way that periods are discussed in public life. 

“A few years ago there had never been an open discussion of menstruation in the Holyrood chamber and now it is mainstream. 

“MSPs have enjoyed being a part of that, and it has encompassed the menopause, endometriosis, as well as the types of products we use and their sustainability.”

The scheme would cost an estimated £8.7m a year and the legislation will require schools, colleges and universities to provides the products for free which was announced by first minister, Nicola Sturgeon, in 2017.

In the meantime, a number of individual business such as restaurants, pubs and even football clubs – started providing free products independently which has made common for women in Scotland to walk into a women’s toilet and find free period products by the sinks, or with an honesty box.

“It’s an important message in the middle of a global pandemic that we can still put the rights of women and girls high up the political agenda.” said Lennon.

Black Seed Oil, Carpets, Apple Cider Vinegar, Among the Many Things that People are Buying During MCO

We’re months into living with Covid-19 and we’ve been spending most of it social distancing and staying at home. 

In the first few weeks, of the movement control order (MCO) we saw a surge of panic buyers sweeping what they can off the shelves while the government tries to call for a calm after quite literally making a storm.

As we’ve seen lockdowns be a major part of 2020, it ponders us though as to what Malaysians are buying during a time where many are staying safe at home.

According to commerce.asia, latex gloves saw a rise during a time where health was a major concern among many, 888% rise to be exact and shampoo too at 3255. Lady’s underwear had a whopping 909% increase in sales too along with frying pans and woks at 880%.

Baking and cooking at home sure became quick hobbies picked up by many as ingredients such as gelatin powder seeing a 347% increase, salt at 250% and apple cider vinegar at 200%.

With many finding new ways to spend time at home, exercise equipment too quickly became a popular item among buyers, going up to 200% in sales. Baby products also gained popularity most likely because nothing is worse than a distraught baby to deal with while you’re trying to work from home; babies blanket clothing had a 266% increase and 83% increase respectively.

A couple of unusual items too top it all off, house carpets at 156%, toothpaste at 134% and libido enhancers at 104%. 

Covid-19’s One Year Anniversary of Misery

As Covid-19 continues to rampage throughout the globe, 365 days have passed since the first reported case of it in China.

The virus has since changed the very rules of reality to what we see today, and all have already succumbed to this way of life for months as we’ve seen 55 million cases so far and 1.3 million deaths due to the virus.


Patient zero is believed to have been infected with the virus on November 17th, exactly a year ago today in Wuhan; the identity of the person is yet to be revealed by Chinese authorities, but it is believed to be a 55-year-old man from the Hubei province.


Although its first case was recorded in November, Chinese authorities originally reported its first case and reported the World Health Authorities (WHO) in December, citing the source of it being a live animal wet market, the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.


Chinese scientist began confirming a new strain of the virus but city health officals in Wuhan said there wasn’t human to human transmission and that the disease was no worse than SARS.

The first recorded death came on January 11th with a 61-year-old and South Korea became the first country to record the first case outside China on January 24th.

100 cases are confirmed globally while the virus reaches the U.K and the U.S.

February: Malaysia’s first case of COVID-19 – A 41-year old man that had recently returned from Singapore when he started to develop a fever and a cough, was quarantined at Sungai Buloh Hospital, Selangor.

March, April, May: Malaysia goes into a movement control order (MCO), CMCO and EMCO.

June: An all-time low of one new case leads to a recovery movement control order (RMCO).

July, August: A stagnantly reassuring and quiet time.

October: Post-Sabah elections bringing a surge of new cases.

November: Back to square one with CMCO and EMCO with daily new cases reaching the thousands.

Present-day Wuhan

As a city moving on from the Covid-19 scare, Wuhan has transformed from silent streets to packed pools. 

In a recent music festival, thousands can be seen packed shoulder to shoulder in a pool without any facemasks cheering along to the music, not what one would imagine seeing in the year 2020.

The city had went into lockdown on January  23rd where 11 million people were cut off from the rest of China for a period of months. The lockdown started to ease in March where one resident from each household was allowed to leave their residential compound for a maximum of two hours.

The lockdown officially lifted on April 8th, during a time where the virus was running rampant around other parts of the world.

Night markets, shopping malls and life was truly going back to normal and the crowds that disappeared for months was returning again.

Wuhan Happy Valley – the theme park that owns the Maya Water park currently sees around 15,000 visitors on the weekend; all these which is visible on social media is largely a surprise towards many who aren’t from the area as the world is still struggling with coping with the virus.

As the virus continues to rage elsewhere, it may be a long time before other countries feel confident in reopening borders and allowing life to resume back to normal again.