AT Systematization jumps 36%

Shares in AT SYSTEMATIZATION BHD are actively traded this morning with over 296 million shares exchanging hands, making it the most actively traded counter on Bursa Malaysia.

The ACE Market-listed company rose 36%, or 4.5 sen to 17 sen. AT-WC added 30.77%, or two sen to 8.5 sen with 60.9 million shares exchanged hands.

AT Systematization has signed a letter of intent to acquire industrial glove maker, Pearl Glove (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd, for an undisclosed sum, subject to due diligence, regulatory and shareholder approval.

AT Systematization said the move is seen as a logical business expansion following the current burgeoning demand for gloves.

The company plans to install and launch up to 20 production lines within 36 months, produce 3 billion gloves per year, invest up to 180 million ringgit, and eventually expand to supply and install glove production machinery within three years.

It said post-acquisition, the company plans to inject further capital and expertise in Pearl Glove with regard to the manufacturing of medical examination nitrile gloves to boost the latter’s capacity and product suite.

Do Your Toes Share the Traits of a Greek Goddess?

The Birth of Venus - Wikipedia

Venus de Milo has it. Leonardo de Vinci’s Vitruvian man has it, even the Statue of Liberty has it. If you’re one of about 15–20 percent of the population, you have it too. Congratulations, that means you are worthy of modeling for an ancient Greek statue.

What is it that gives you this honor? Why your toes of course. Well, actually it’s one toe in particular. The second one and it sticks out farther than your big toe. Sculptors and painters in the classical, Hellenistic, Neoclassical and Renaissance periods all went to sleep at night dreaming of the perfect model and her beautiful long second toe.

Now, not every culture shared the same feelings as the Greek and Renaissance artists. Egyptians loved everything properly measured, and they used what’s known as the canon of proportion. What that means, in a nutshell, is although measurements vary from one person to another, the relationship of one body part to another stays the same. Toes, therefore, should be nice and tidy. Flamboyant and unruly second toes would not be tolerated.

Golden Toes

Then along came the Greeks. Everything evenly spaced might have been good for the Egyptians, but to the Greeks that was boring. Instead of the canon of proportion, they followed the golden ratio, or as they called it in the 1500s divine proportion. It’s all centered in geometry, which the Greeks loved. They looked for these proportions everywhere — even in toes. That’s how the large second toe became known as a Greek toe. In modern times, it’s also known as Morton’s toe.

Dudley Morton was a 20th-century American orthopedic surgeon. Old Doc Morton believed that the toe was a gift from our pre-human ancestors so we could swing from trees with greater ease. That’s good if you’re a monkey, but it’s not nearly as sophisticated as being compared to a beautiful Greek statue.

What Do Your Toes Say About YOU?

If you have Greek toes, you can also say you have flame feet or fire feet. Don’t like either of those? How about royal toe, shepherds toe, or Viking toe? No matter what name you give it, this toe is artistic. Think about it. You share the same toes as the Roman goddess Venus; goddess of love, pleasure, and fertility. You are a woman of ethereal beauty. People with the Greek toe are thought to be creative, have great leadership qualities and tend to be the life of the party. Of course, you might also have to put up with bunions, excessive inward rotation, and difficulty finding shoes that fit. I urge you to forget all that. Just put on some sandals, take your sore footsies to the nearest art gallery, and bask in the camaraderie of your glorious ancient Greek predecessors.

5 Facts About our Universe You’ve Never Heard Of

Our universe is beautiful, vast, and empty all at the same time.

Growing up as a kid, even as a young adult, the idea of space and the universe beyond was always too daunting of a topic for me. I was how I suspect many of you still are, in which the topic sent my head into a kind of overwhelming frenzy. But as I matured and my curiosity in life grew, I started to have an interest in what the hell is going on beyond Earth. The more I’ve learned, the more fascinated I become of the topics of astrology, cosmology, and such. But I’m no scientist, and I still struggle with the distinction between these two areas of study and profession. For the purpose of this piece, I’ll keep the technical aspect out of it and go with the less scientific, more average Joe type terminology such as “space” and “the universe.”

Anyways, with this growing fascination, has come frustration and confusion. I’ve begun to realize that much of the world has great misconceptions about the universe and our place in it.

In my educational experience, the topic of space was generally limited to just our solar system. To the point where many individuals don’t know much at all beyond our solar system and some even think that’s all that space is. Therefore, my goal for this piece is two-fold. On one hand, I wanted to share some crazy facts about space to create more awareness but also to capture curiosity. On the other hand, I’ve found that a deeper understanding of space can create a greater appreciation for the Earth we live on and the fragility of life.

With that being said, let’s get into some facts about our planet and our universe:

1. More than 1,300 Earths would fit inside Jupiter

Jupiter is only the biggest planet in our solar system, but compared to other planets found in our galaxy, it’s not even close to being the biggest. I don’t know about you, but I take some comfort in how small the Earth is in relation to what’s out there. Life and the world we created here on Earth are something special, but at the end of the day, we’re merely a small spectacle in the vast expanse of the universe. Whenever any given moment becomes too big, stressful, emotional, what have you, I think back to this fact and it’s a quick way to put life into perspective.

2. Mercury is the fastest planet in our solar system… A year on Mercury is equal to 88 Earth days, whereas a day on Mercury is approximately 59 Earth days long

Sorry for twisting your mind up into a pretzel there, but take a second and reread that until it’s clear to you. Crazy, right? The difference in time as it pertains to Mercury and Earth is astonishing, especially considering they obviously share the same sun. What jumps out at me is the malleability of time. The concept of time here on Earth is rigid, unwavering, and foundational, but go beyond our planet, and the consistency of time goes out the window. Time changes from this constant, structural concept, to something much more distorted and variable. It makes you wonder about this concept in which much of human life has been formed around and lives by. There’s all kinds of material out there about the concept of time, whether it’s real in space, worthwhile, etc., so I won’t even try to get into it here. The point I wanted to make is the rest of space and the universe don’t play by the same rules we do here on Earth.

3. The universe has never stopped expanding

The Big Bang was only the beginning, the universe has never stopped expanding in the 13.8 billion years since. In fact, the very discovery of expansion is the greatest piece of evidence to support the Big Bang Theory. The rate of expansion is still up for debate, but recent studies suggest that the rate could be far greater than we ever imagined. Either way, we may never know the true size of the universe or if there is an actual size at all, as some believe it could be infinitely large. The point is that the expansion is very real and has legitimate implications on future space travel, as well as the observable universe for us humans.

4. The universe is 13.8 billion years old, modern humans are 300,000 years old

It should be said that the statements I make here, especially in this section, come from a scientific and evolutionary point of view. Again I’m no scientist, and I suspect some will disagree with this, but personally I’m a believer in science and evolution. Take these statements as you will.

Anyways, let me lay out the general timeline like this:

  • The Big Bang was 13.8 billion years ago
  • 4.5 billion years ago Earth was formed
  • Most believe the first evidence of lifeforms on Earth dates back to around 3.7 billion years ago
  • The first animals came around some 700–800 million years ago
  • The first “humans” were believed to originate in Africa some 2 million years ago
  • The arrival of the modern-day human, homo sapiens, aren’t believed to have originated till some 300,000 years ago

At this point, your brain might feel like it’s about to explode. But bear with me! Just take a second to let that timeline sink in. Remarkable, isn’t it? The egos we have on Earth, yet what are we really in the history of the universe but a mere speck of dust? Let alone our history on planet Earth. I find this timeline to be incredibly humbling. If we one day reached a global consensus on this, I wonder how we might change our approach to the place we have in this universe, as well as how we approach life here on Earth.

I also suspect this fact might make you wonder about life beyond Earth… in that case, the next point should blow your mind as it relates to potential life in the universe.

5. There are likely at least 1 septillion stars in the universe (numbers will forever be up for debate)

Now… I know I said these are facts, but counting the number of stars in the universe will never result in a factual number. All we can do is make our best estimates. The one I mentioned above is likely to be considered a moderate or even minimum estimate at that. But the generally agreed upon average number of stars in a galaxy is around 100 billion. Now, if we then took a very moderate estimate of there being about 10 trillion galaxies in the universe, that leaves us with 1 septillion stars in the universe, in the American number scale, or a 1 with 24 zeros following it.

The crazy part is I’d imagine most scientists would argue that number is likely far lower than the reality. The grand scale of our universe has also led to many different theories, one popular one being the Multiverse Theory, in which we’re instead part of some larger entity with other universes, instead of one complete one. Who knows, but the possibilities are endless!

Again, thinking about things like this only helps to put life in perspective for me. Perhaps next time you’re stressing out over your train being a minute late or the traffic on your way to work, you can think about the fact that Earth is just this tiny little planet amongst a universe of 1 septillion stars, then ask yourself, is that one extra minute waiting for the train really a big deal?

So what?

I’ve just attempted to overload your brains, and in the process have likely lost some of you and for others, only presented trivial facts. Whichever group you fall under, I’m glad you’ve made it this far.

In writing this piece, I had a few messages I wanted to get across. From my experience, some of the facts I mentioned here will be a shock to a good deal of people. However, I think facts like this should be as mainstream as the knowledge of our solar system. The universe is so much more than our solar system, it’s time education makes that clear for the new generations. A lack of doing so has led to endless misconceptions of what lies beyond our planet and I think that’s a real problem. We should look to expand the curiosity of the young, not box it in.

I’m also in no way an expert or even a big science person, as I’ve tried to make clear here. I couldn’t even begin to explain the math and data behind the facts presented here. Which also proves my next point, in that you don’t need to be a scientist or necessarily enjoy science to find a curiosity in space. Scientists of all sorts have done an amazing job of painting an understandable picture of our universe, the problem is only a select number of people actually listen to them. The points outlined above barely scratch the surface of fascinating information available.

We must understand that the topic is daunting because we continue to avoid it. I felt the same way, but once I pushed myself to get past that feeling, it quickly changed from feeling uneasy to feeling excited and extremely curious. If we want to continue to progress in modern life, we need a much better understanding of our place in the universe, across the board. We may differ in our beliefs and our spirituality, but we need to find common ground when it comes to space.

Finally, I hope readers, not only leave this piece with a greater curiosity towards space but also a greater appreciation for Earth. Let’s continue to build a greater appreciation for our place in this universe, but in the process, let us not forget the fragility of life on Earth. I’ll end this piece with a quote from an Apollo 8 crew member, William Anders:

“When I looked up and saw the Earth coming up on this very stark, beat up lunar horizon, an Earth that was the only color that we could see, a very fragile looking Earth, a very delicate looking Earth, I was immediately almost overcome by the thought that here we came all this way to the Moon, and yet the most significant thing we’re seeing is our own home planet, the Earth,”


Dunbar, B. (2015, April 4). What Is Jupiter? NASA. Retrieved June 13, 2020, from

Dunbar, B. (2015, June 1). What Is the Planet Mercury? NASA. Retrieved June 13, 2020, from

Greshko, M. (2019, April 25). The universe seems to be expanding faster than all expectations. National Geographic. Retrieved June 13, 2020, from

Early Life on Earth — Animal Origins. (n.d.). Smithsonian. Retrieved June 13, 2020, from

Homo sapiens. (2020, January 10). Smithsonian. Retrieved June 13, 2020, from

Howell, E. (2017, May 18). How Many Stars Are In The Universe? Retrieved June 13, 2020, from

All credit goes to Garrett Rutledge

Why You Should Stop Hugging Your Dog

There’s a better way to show your dog love

There’s no denying that people love their dogs. We knit them tiny sweaters, feed them gourmet treats, kiss their wet noses, and even take them into our bubble baths (I so wish that was not a personal reference). While hugging your pooch releases the feel-good hormone oxytocin in you, your dog has a very different reaction.

Sorry, but your dog hates your hugs.

Uh oh. I can feel the internet daggers through my computer. It’s not that your dog doesn’t like your touch. it’s the way you are molesting your pet that needs to stop.

According to Dr. Stanley Coren, a canine behavior expert from the University of British Columbia, the reason is evolutionary. Dr. Coren explains that dogs are cursorial animals — they are adapted specifically to run like a gazelle. Other cursorial animals include horses, wolves, kangaroos, ostriches, and even some species of spiders.

When stressed, a cursorial animal’s first line of defense is not to attack but to run. Thus, when you hug your dog in a confining embrace, that evolutionary mechanism is stymied. In turn, your dog reacts by increasing cortisol levels — the stress hormone released by the adrenal glands.

Sadly, many dog attacks occur because the dog is backed into a corner without an escape route.

I know what you are thinking — “My dog loves my hugs”, you might be right. But do me a favor…Go hug your dog and then have a friend snap a picture to capture that moment of blissful affection. This is what Dr. Coren did in a non-peer reviewed study, analyzing how dogs respond to hugs.

See if you can find the following signs of misery while you are cuddling your pup (Note: I was able to find these signs in almost every creative commons image search for “hugging dog”).

Let's Not Hug It Out With Our Dogs : NPR

Licking lips

Unless you have bacon in your pocket, dogs will often lick their lips as a sign of stress. Other stress signals are yawning and raising one paw. Dog trainers call these actions “calming signals”. In a study from Tufts University, researchers found when a dog licked their lips or yawned, they released more salivary cortisol.

The head turn

Remember when you were a kid and that annoying uncle or aunt would move in for a full-on smooch? You probably moved your head to the side to avoid the slobber. Well, your dog is politely doing the same.

Most dogs turn their heads away from other dogs too as a way to ease into a greeting. To canines, a direct stare is adversarial and intense. Your dog’s head turn might be his way of saying — slow down hussy. At least give me some foreplay before your squeeze the lifeblood out of me.

Ears pinned down

Most dog trainers will watch a dog’s ears to determine their level of attention. Ears pricked forward is a sign of a dog who is listening.

This one is tougher to evaluate because dogs lower their ears when they are sad, fearful, or nervous. Usually, the further the ears are pinned back, the more stressed and fearful the dog is. Next time you leave, watch your dog’s ears. You will probably notice his ears lower. Your dog’s downturned ears are similar to a frown.

According to Coren’s research, 81.6% of dogs showed at least one distress sign while being hugged, and many showed more than one.

Of course, I am using examples of dogs who were forced into a photoshoot they didn’t sign up for. In the above photos, I am assuming the models are not the dog’s owner. Would you want a random stranger hugging you while bright lights flash in your face? Dogs communicate unhappiness in the same way we do — nonverbal cues. A dog might warm to their owner’s hugs but get icy when a stranger embraces them.

To be clear, I am not suggesting you stop showing affection to your dog. You just might want to ease up on the death grip. Dogs love touch but they also love a touch that allows them to run away if needed.

So if a well-intentioned stranger tries to hug your dog, look for signs of stress, and then intervene. You might have to explain that, like many humans, your dog is simply not a hugger.

The Dark Origins of Darlie

The History of Why Darlie is Called 黑人牙膏 (Black People's Toothpaste) is  Actually Rather Controversial - Goody Feed

A black and white photo of a man in a tuxedo and top hat. Seems harmless enough for the face of a toothpaste brand right? However, there’s a darker side of Darlie’s history that is less known.

Darlie (or “Darkie” As It Was Originally Branded)

It was first created by a company called Hawley & Hazel Chemical Company in 1933. Originally a product of Shanghai, China, it was launched as a “play” on a popular American comedian at the time, Al Jolson.

Al Jolson Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

The Shanghai owners of Hawley & Hazel distastefully thought the contrast between the blackface and his sparkling white teeth would be a great brand image. Unfortunately, these racists were right “Darkie,” as the brand was called, became one of the best selling toothpaste brands in Asia ever. It’s still for sale. And it’s still number one.

Their first response to a letter of demand to stop selling the product in America in 1986: “No plans…exist that would extend marketing and sales efforts for this product… beyond this (Far East) area.”

PR was a different beast back then, wasn’t it? I wish I could say they learned their lesson after that and made a change. Well, they did make a change. But not the one you’d want or expect.

Colgate’s CEO Ruben Mark finally issued an apology in 1989, a full four years after owning and selling it.

“It’s just plain wrong. The morally right thing dictated that we must change. What we have to do is find a way to change that is least damaging to the economic interests of our partners.”

Ruben Mark (1989)

The spokesperson of the partner company in Hong Kong, Ms. Mary Quon, stated: “The old name represents offensive racial stereotyping.”

Finally, they were starting to understand the enormity of the problem. Or at least it seemed like they were. Colgate rebranded the product to “Darlie” and changed the image to that of a white person in a black hat. What a drastic change, right? But there was one thing they didn’t choose to modify.


Here’s what the packaging looked like over the years:

Darlie - Wikipedia

The English name was changed. But the name in Mandarin? Not so much.

Colgate reviewing Chinese toothpaste brand Darlie amid debate on racial  inequality - CNA

“黑人牙膏” — (Hēirén yágāo)= Black Person Toothpaste

Be the change you wish to see in the world,” was obviously not the company slogan. It still shocks me whenever I recall seeing the brand taking up 25% of the toothpaste shelves in America. It shocked me, even more, when I saw it in many countries I visited throughout Asia.

Six countries: China, Thailand, Hongkong, Vietnam, Singapore, and of course Malaysia, all still have this brand prominently displayed on their shelves. And it’s either 1st or 2nd place in sales in all of the above countries. That’s the main brand that 1.64 billion people are potentially buying every day of the week.

It’s completely unacceptable for a brand in this day and age to still have a fully racially charged brand out there. After all of the prominence of the battle for racial equality, all of the struggles, all of the inequities and controversies that we’ve seen over the past centuries, how can a brand like this still exist? The point is especially amplified after a forced rebranding because it was finally considered so racist.

Money is the one language we all understand. The fact that Colgate and its partner company Hawley & Hazel have been earning millions upon millions from a racist brand is ridiculous.

Colgate hoped, seemingly successfully, that as long as it didn’t bring the product over to America that it’s racist name would be overlooked. Hey, as long as the English name isn’t racist, who would notice right?

Well, if you’re still with me reading this, you noticed. And if you’d like to help Colgate re-notice their blatant racist profiteering, here’s some handy little info for you: their website contact page. And their Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram, make your voices heard!

This Chinese Phone Manufacturer is Doing Something Nobody Has Thought Of

OnePlus 7T review: The best mid-range on the market? - Android Authority

Chinese smartphone manufacturer, OnePlus, recently made an exciting move in India. They are now offering a service where anytime you need your phone to be fixed, an engineer will be sent to your house. The service is now only available in a number of Indian cities such as Bangalore, Mumbai, and Delhi.

This announcement was made early into March and has strengthened OnePlus as a major contender in the smartphone market in India. This comes on the back of a successful streak in 2019, where OnePlus successfully overtook Samsung to become the number 1 premium brand in India.

It seems that other smartphone makers are too busy trying to lead, with a majority of their time and resources going into the technology or design of their phones rather than the service aspect of it all. It would be interesting to see if any other major smartphone manufacturers are willing to follow their move.

Many of the technological advancements the Chinese phone-makers have made on their phones in recent times, often get (improved on and then) copied by other global brands. The most recent and obvious one being the multiple back cameras that we so commonly see on most flagship smartphones (iPhone/Samsung Galaxy). But this time around, they’ve come up with something that cannot be replicated as easily.

These are 7 marketing lessons from this move by OnePlus that can you can adopt and apply to any other form of business.

1. The 6-Month Pilot Program

Before OnePlus announced this service, they already decided to run a 6-month pilot program where they were doing exactly that. They sent their engineers to the address of their customers to fix their phone. It’s no wonder then, that they overtook Samsung as the premium brand for smartphones in India back in 2019. For most people, buying a premium product also means that you expect a premium service accompanying it.

The lesson here is to start practicing what you promise long before you announce it.

2. The Press Release

The headline says: OnePlus will now come to your house and fix your phone. Which is a great headline that highlights the important announcement in a short yet sweet way.

The headline triggers an immediate picture in the minds of the reader. That instant picture in the minds of the reader is the marketing message of OnePlus.

Introducing Doorstep Service in India - OnePlus Community

3. The News

If you are a student of marketing, you will understand that this announcement by OnePlus is not news. Instead, it is pure advertising. The best advertising is often news.

Assume you are someone in one of the cities in India trying to buy a new smartphone and you hear news like this, wouldn’t that sway your mind?  It is the perfect excuse. “I am buying the OnePlus because their engineers will come to my address to fix it if it ever needs fixing”.

There are other Chinese phone-makers that do free pick-up and drop-off. But OnePlus appears to be the first to take home service to the next level by fixing the phone at the address of the owner.

4. The Transparency

Imagine the day that the engineer comes to your house, you can sit with the engineer and look at what exactly is being done to your phone. Any fears of your data being harvested are eradicated by this level of transparency.

This service also caters to privacy-loving people. Also, you get to see what you are being charged for. If a part is changed, you get to see it. You get to see whatever work is done on the phone. This is unprecedented in the telecoms industry.

5. The Convenience

OnePlus has a service care app with which customers will first interact with the company about the state of their phone. Then, they would choose a convenient time for the engineer to visit their address.

Now, the decision to buy a phone by OnePlus in any of those locations is not about the features of the phone. They have just created a blue ocean. They can already compete with others just based on the convenience of this feature, plus it helps them stand taller than their competition. It may be enough reasoning for many to buy OnePlus products over their competitors’.

6. Targeting the Top Tier Cities First

The cities they chose to unveil this service were carefully picked, it seems they’ve done their research and homework on this. They’ve picked a location that has a larger volume of premium buyers of their products, a location that the majority of them are situated in.

The service will be gradually expanded to all Tier-1 cities in India and several Tier-2 cities. In the off chance you prefer the option of pick-up and drop-off, the company also offers that option. The smartphone brand is planning on opening 100 new stores in 50 cities (by the end of 2020) in addition to the already existing 2,000 stores (plus partner stores) across the country.

7. The Boast

OnePlus claims to be the only global brand to offer doorstep repair service. While other companies can compete later, they will always be known as the first company in the industry that will send an engineer to your house and repair your phone on site, and in site.

This is a marketing tagline that can last for ages in the marketplace. And consumers will not forget that easily. Even if consumers forget, the brand can always remind them.


OnePlus is now focused on selling their product through an after-service in India. And I guess it won’t be long before they start rolling out these changes on a global scale. It is a gadget blue ocean that may send them to the top in global smartphone sales. And that would do wonders for a company that was founded in 2013.

Somehow, it seems Asian manufacturers take service delivery more seriously than their western counterparts. Not that service is poor in the West but it seems like Asians like to put in the extra personalized touch.

I don’t see this move as one any smartphone manufacturer in Europe or America would copy any time soon. Even if they do, they would be (at best) second to OnePlus. They would likely try to avoid the labor issues that this initiative would create and hence just stay away.

The marketing lesson summary here is that you can beat a company with a superior product by offering a personalized and convenient after-sale service.

By David O.

The 5 Elements of a Ponzi Scheme

Ponzi Scheme: Definition and Description

A Ponzi scheme is a scam investment designed to separate investors from their money. It is named after Charles Ponzi, who constructed one such scheme at the beginning of the 20th century, though the concept was well known prior to Ponzi.
The scheme is designed to convince the public to place their money into a fraudulent investment. Once the scam artist feels that enough money has been collected, he disappears — taking all the money with him.
5 Key Elements of a Ponzi Scheme

  1. The Benefit: A promise that the investment will achieve an above normal rate of return. The rate of return is often specified. The promised rate of return has to be high enough to be worthwhile to the investor but not so high as to be unbelievable.
  2. The Setup: A relatively plausible explanation of how the investment can achieve these above normal rates of return. One often-used explanation is that the investor is skilled or has some inside information. Another possible explanation is that the investor has access to an investment opportunity not otherwise available to the general public.
  3. Initial Credibility: The person running the scheme needs to be believable enough to convince the initial investors to leave their money with him.
  4. Initial Investors Paid Off: For at least a few periods the investors need to make at least the promised rate of return — if not better.
  5. Communicated Successes: Other investors need to hear about the payoffs, such that their numbers grow exponentially. At the very least more money needs to be coming in than is being paid back to investors.

How Do Ponzi Schemes Work?

Ponzi Schemes are quite basic but can be extraordinarily powerful. The steps are as follows:

  1. Convince a few investors to place money into the investment.
  2. After the specified time return the investment money to the investors plus the specified interest rate or return.
  3. Pointing to the historical success of the investment, convince more investors to place their money into the system. Typically the vast majority of the earlier investors will return. Why would they not? The system has been providing them with great benefits.
  4. Repeat steps one through three a number of times. During step two at one of the cycles, break the pattern. Instead of returning the investment money and paying the promised return, escape with the money and start a new life.

How Big Can Ponzi Schemes Get?

Into the billions of dollars. In 2008 we saw the fall of arguably the largest Ponzi scheme in history — Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities LLC. The scheme had all the ingredients of a classic Ponzi scheme, including a founder, Bernard L. Madoff, that had a great deal of credibility as he had been in the investment business since 1960. Madoff had also been the chairman of the board of directors of NASDAQ, an American stock exchange.

The Reason Airplane Windows Are Round

Arabian Aerospace - Snake on a plane! Fake news says EgyptAir

Taking in the scenery out of an airplane window is one of the most enjoyable things about air travel. You may have never thought about the shape of the windows, but there is a good reason why airplane windows are round. You may be surprised to learn that they came about because of a series of tragic, unfortunate events.

We sometimes take for granted the many engineering feats that make our current forms of transportation feasible. One of these is the seemingly innocuous round window on jet airliners and other pressurized aircraft. If it weren’t for the engineering in these windows, every flight in the air would be a recipe for disaster.

BOAC Flight 781 - Wikipedia
De Havilland Comet in 1952

In 1952, a revolution in air travel took place. The British made de Havilland Comet became the world’s first production jetliner. The Comet made long-range, high altitude travel possible in a short amount of time and intended to change the face of commercial air travel.

On May 2, 1952, a de Havilland Comet owned by the British Overseas Airway Corporation made a maiden flight from London to five different stops before landing in Johannesburg, South Africa. The airplane cruised at 35,000 feet and went faster than any other commercial aircraft up to that time. The British Overseas Airway Corporation ended up ordering eight of the new aircraft, and other airline companies followed suit.

The cabin of the Comet was pressurized so passengers wouldn’t have to use oxygen masks. As the aircraft got to altitude, the pressure in the cabin was raised so the pressure inside would be greater than that on the outside, and when it descended, the pressure would be lowered when it got to lower altitudes. This was the same as it is done today in commercial air travel. But the change in pressure was known to put considerable stress on the structure of the aircraft.

Midair collisions to metal fatigue: tragedies that changed air travel |  Business | The Guardian

Like so many new advances in technology, the Comet ran into some problems rather quickly. The first occurred when a Comet was unable to lift-off in Rome in November 1952, and another accident occurred in Pakistan that killed 11 passengers and crew. The accidents were attributed to pilot error and loss of lift at the leading edge of the wing. De Havilland redesigned the leading edge of the wing to correct the problem.

In May 1953, the Comet had its second fatal accident in India during a thunderstorm which killed all 43 people aboard the aircraft. The inquiry that resulted put the cause of the crash on extreme turbulence that caused a loss of lift on the wing and over-correction by the pilot that placed too much stress on the aircraft. As a result of this crash, Comets became equipped with weather radar and a system that allowed the pilot to “feel” the controls and the load being placed on the aircraft.

The problems with the Comet didn’t end here, however. In January 1954, a little more than a year and a half since its inaugural flight, the first production Comet broke-up in midair and crashed in the Mediterranean Sea near Italy, killing all 35 aboard. The Comets were grounded while recovery operations took place, but even with many parts of the plane having been recovered, investigators couldn’t find a problem. The Comets were cleared to resume operations.

Only a few months later, in April 1954, another Comet operated by South African Airways also crashed in the Mediterranean after contact was lost when it was at cruising altitude. All 21 passengers and crew on board perished. All Comets were grounded for a second time in only a matter of months, and the fleet of Comets belonging to the British Overseas Airway Corporation had their airworthiness revoked and were permanently grounded.

WATCH: There's a Scientific Reason For Why Plane Windows Are Always Round

In October 1954, the Cohen Committee was established to determine the causes of the Comet crashes. Some of the wreckage recovered from the first Mediterranean crash had indicated a problem could have occurred from metal fatigue. They began to test this theory by doing pressurized tests on existing fuselages of the Comet. By using a water tank with the fuselage submerged inside, investigators were able to increase the pressure inside the cabin by pumping more water inside to simulate flight conditions at altitude in the cabin.

This was repeated many times to simulate pressurization and depressurization of the aircraft throughout its lifespan. After thousands of simulated pressurized flights, the investigators discovered the area of the problem. The failure was happening at the corner of a square forward escape hatch window.

A finding from the remnants of the crash in January 1954 bolstered this discovery. A radio direction finding window in the front of the cabin had cracked because of metal fatigue. That window also was square in shape. These areas were determined to be the cause of rapid decompression and the break-up of the aircraft under pressure because of the metal’s eventual fatigue over many flight hours. In other words, when the aircraft was pressurized and then depressurized, metal fatigue eventually occurred at these high-stress points.

Airplane windows: Why aren't they bigger?

The stress at the corners of the square windows of the Comet was very localized and concentrated. Up to 70% of the stress while under pressure occurred at these corners. With modern round windows, these areas of stress don’t build up and instead flow around the curved areas of the window. That’s why you see round windows on airlines today.

The Comet never fully recovered. By the time the next production of Comets came out, Boeing was already in the sky and taking over commercial air travel. Now the next time you’re sitting looking out that airplane window, you’ll know the events that allowed us now to have a safe grand view while we’re cruising through the sky.

The Man Who Stopped World War 3

We often know the names of people who start wars, but what about those that stopped wars from happening? Today, I’ll tell you a little about a man who stopped a global nuclear holocaust, and World War 3 from happening.

The sub dives deep into the depths of the ocean in order to avoid detection, however, after spotting the sub, the Americans start dropping depth charges to try and get the Soviet submarine to surface. However, the sub was too deep and was unable to make contact with the surface, and from the inside, it felt as if the submarine was being bombed from all angles. Only one thought crossed the minds of the men onboard; “The war has begun.” See, what the Americans didn’t know is that there was a tactical nuclear torpedo on the sub, ready to launch on authorization. Worst of all, there’s a Russian captain wondering, should I fire?

You (and Almost Everyone You Know) Owe Your Life to This Man.
A young Vasili Arkhipov

That Captain’s name was Valentin Savitsky, and he decided to authorize the launch, as did the political officer present on the ship. Crew members on the sub started scrambling to get the missiles ready, luckily for the rest of the world, the decision to authorize the launch had to be made unanimously. In comes Vasili Arkhipov, the last remaining vote, he was a flotilla commander who was on the sub for a secret mission to Cuba, he was also Savitsky’s equal.

Had Savitsky successfully launched the torpedo, it would’ve annihilated a U.S. destroyer or aircraft carrier. The expected reaction from the U.S would be to respond with nuclear-depth charges, and many believe it would have led to further catastrophic consequences.

However, we are still here now, much of that is thanks to Arkhipov, as he was the only one not to authorize the launching of the missiles, Arkhipov told the captain that the ship was not in danger and was merely being asked to surface.

Bush and the JFK Hit, Part 7: Empire Strikes Back - WhoWhatWhy

As the drama unfolded, Kennedy was rightfully worried that the Russians would mistake the depth charges for an attack. When his defense secretary said that the U.S. was dropping “grenade”-sized signals over the subs, the president winced. His brother Robert Kennedy later said that talk of the depth charges “were the time of greatest worry to the President. His hand went up to his face [and] he closed his fist.”

Looking back at it now, it all came down to Arkhipov. Everyone agrees that he’s the guy who stopped the captain. He’s the one who stood in the way. On his return to Moscow, he was not punished by the Soviets as far as we know, instead, he was later promoted.

Why this man is the only reason we are all still alive today - World News -  Mirror Online

Not only is Vasili Arkhipov a Soviet hero, he is OUR hero, he indirectly stopped World War 3 from happening, thus, saving the world from itself.

How to take your Scrambled Eggs to the next level with 11 simple additions

Little additions that make the biggest differences.

Here’s a foolproof way to make sure the texture of your scrambled eggs is exactly how you like it.

Crack the eggs on a flat, hard service and open them into a bowl. You can add a little milk or cream to make the scrambled eggs silkier and less eggy tasting. But don’t add too much or they might get watery. Figure 1 tablespoon for every 2 eggs.

Sprinkle with some salt and pepper and whisk until the yolks and whites are just combined.

Put the butter or oil in a medium skillet, preferably nonstick, over medium-high heat. Add the eggs when the butter is foaming, but not yet changing color, or the oil thins a bit and just begins to shimmer.

Pour the eggs into the pan. Let the eggs cook for just a few seconds to heat up, then begin stirring frequently and scraping the sides of the pan. The more you stir — and the lower the heat — the silkier the eggs. Moving the pan on and off the burner is the fastest way to control the temperature. If you’re going to add anything, like chopped herbs or grated cheese, wait until the eggs just start to set.

As the eggs begin to curdle, some parts may look like they’re drying out; whenever you see that, remove the pan from the heat and continue stirring until the cooking slows down a bit. Then return the pan to the heat and continue cooking.

The eggs are done when they’re creamy, soft and still a bit runny; do not overcook or the eggs will become tough. (If you like them that way, go ahead.) Serve right away.

11 different things to add to eggs

  1. A teaspoon of chopped, fresh stronger herbs like oregano, tarragon, or thyme
  2. 1 tablespoon chopped fresh milder herbs like parsley, chives, chervil, basil, or mint
  3. Tabasco, Worcestershire, or other prepared sauce, to taste
  4. A quarter cup grated or crumbled cheddar, goat, or other melting cheese
  5. 2 tablespoons grated parmesan cheese
  6. 2 tablespoons chopped scallions
  7. A half-cup chopped cooked mushrooms, spinach, or other vegetables
  8. A half-cup chopped smoked salmon or other smoked fish
  9. A half-cup chopped cooked shrimp, crab, lobster, or oysters
  10. 1 or 2 chopped tomatoes
  11. Any cooked salsa, drained if it’s watery

All text and recipes come from “How to Cook Everything: The Basics” by Mark Bittman