Does Public Shaming during a Pandemic Help?

With new guidelines being added to the new norm as we speak, there’ll always be members of the public who don’t follow the guidelines set in place. 

In a bid to forcefully implement the new lifestyle into the everyday lives of the “non-believers”, the rest of the public has resorted to public shaming to ensure that it be done in order to “flatten the curve”.

On top of reducing life to its core, the pandemic has introduced a new pastime in public shaming.

Individuals have been publicly shame for breaching quarantine guidelines, masses of people have been arrested for not social distancing and people are not wearing the facemask when they’re clearly supposed to; on top of that, some are making up their own assumptions on what should and should not be done. Public shaming may be perceived as the way to go when dealing with said issues, but is it usually the best route to take?

Here’s why we do it.

A natural response

According to June Tangney, a clinical psychologist and professor at George Mason University, shaming or scolding for not abiding rules is a natural response. 

This action can be traced back to early parenting methods as seen when a parent scolds a child or not abiding house rules. Parents do this because they are worried about their safety and they express those intentions with confrontation and punishment. 

It’s the same with the pandemic and the public’s choice of shaming those who are not doing their part in the fight against the pandemic.

Following the crowd

The urge to shame someone else might also be fueled with wanting to follow the crowd. According to Tangney, the fear of missing out plays a part to why the public shaming method has gained a large following in recent times.

Maybe you’ve been diligent and have been donning the facemask on a usual basis and have been doing what you can in this fight against the coronavirus, so it’s been frustrating to see what others are not doing at the most least. 

“We get this image of half a country having a party that most of us are not doing,” Tangney said. “It’s natural to become angry and also be afraid and to want to shame people, because we believe if we shame them, they’ll stop doing this bad thing. But unfortunately, that doesn’t seem to be the case.”

Should we do it?

It is understandable that the public wants the safest possible setting for each other and they’re rightfully and clearly worried about their well-being; we might get scared or angry but it’s important to keep our emotions intact.

“When we’re scared and when we see people doing something that endangers all of us, it’s a natural tendency to want to shame them,” Tangney said. “It’s just not a good approach if, bottom line, you want to see their behavior change.” 

Conflict in Armenia and Azerbaijan

An ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has recently taken a glide for the worst as authorities in the area reported another 26 servicemen being killed in the fighting, bringing the total lost to more than 80 and more than hundreds wounded.

At the heart of the dispute is the 4,400 sq km mountainous region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan, the area has been under the control of ethnic Armenians since the ending of a war in 1994. 

Towards the end of Soviet rule in 1988, Azerbaijan and Armenian troops began a war which left the area in the hands of ethnic Armenians when a truce between the two was signed in 1994.

Tens of thousands died; on top of that, many ethnic Azerbaijanis were forced to flee their homes as miles of Azeri territory went under Armenian control.

In reality, the area has become an independent region (de facto). However, this is not recognized by any UN member, including Armenia. Negotiations have failed with coming up with a long-lasting peace solution and the dispute remains one of post-Soviet Europe’s frozen conflicts.

Armenia who has been landlocked also face severe economic issues due to border closures with Turkey and Azerbaijan

As of today, it is estimated that up to one million are displaced from their homes and 30,000 killed because of the war that lasted from 1988 to 1994.

Turkey openly supports Azerbaijan while UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said he was “extremely concerned”, urging both sides to stop fighting. Other countries who are quick to react are France, Iran and the U.S. who have been vocal in their call of ceasefire.

Back in July, deadly clashes between the two has also led to large held demonstrations by the people of Azerbaijan who demanded the government to deploy the army and call for war. It was the largest public gathering in the country for years, with some media reporting an estimated 30,000 people taking part.

The conflict goes on as both sides are yet to come to a resolution to a ceasefire even with organizations attempting to broker an end to the long-time dispute.

Sabah 2020: Election Results Not a Surprise

As the Sabah 2020 elections came to a conclusion on Saturday night, Gabungan Rakyat Sabah came out victorious and eventually put an end to months of political campaigns and drama.

With GRS and Warisan Plus taking it down to the wire with the official results of GRS -38 and Warisan Plus – 32, some day that the results were not a surprise.

According to Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB) Satok branch deputy chairman Datuk Ibrahim Baki, “It is expected actually. The result is already out and it is BN (Barisan Nasional) and PN (Perikatan Nasional) that won the eelction. They have to win 36 seats (in order to have the majority) and they won 38 seats,” he said.

When asked if GRS’ numbers were convincing, he said that  “It’s still a majority. If they (GRS) form a government, they can appoint seven more.”

He also added: “Whatever it is, they won the election. They will form a government, God willing. And they can appoint another seven, so they will stabilise the government.”

Ibrahim also explained that Gabungan Parti Sarawak “is not associated with BN now” and the state-ruling coalition was “only supporting the PN government”.

“As you know, the federal government is PN plus GPS. That means we are not in BN per se. We formed the federal government with Perikatan Nasional.

“That’s why the government of today, as we always say in GPS, is PN plus GPS government. It is not a PN government by itself. It is a PN plus government,” he elaborated.

He declined to comment on who would be appointed as the next Sabah chief minister.

Ibrahim also declined to add on if the Sabah state polls result would trigger a snap election.

“That one only the PM (prime minister) knows. Well, the (PN) government is still there. If someone said that he could form a government, show us the numbers. And then probably the (Yang di-Pertuan) Agong will make a decision,” he added.

6 Smartphone Security Practices You Need

A huge chunk of our lives are dedicated towards using our smartphones or tablets as compared to the bulky computers of the past.

As our devices and gadgets evolve, so do we and so does the hackers that may threaten our digital security. With the vast amount of information that is easily accessible through a simple click or swipe away, it is essential that the devices we purchase have certain features prepared to combat the threats that are out there. However, those wanting to infiltrate the security of our devices are always improving and we can never be sure if we are truly safe from them.

Although it may be considered a one way fight, we as users can always pick up certain practices on how to maintain a secured and protected digital presence.

1) Set-Up a Lock 

It may come as a surprise, but not everyone has a lock set in place for their smartphones. Reports also show that up to a third of smartphone users do not practice this.

It is as simple as it gets as every smartphone nowadays has initiative set up for users to do so. You can always lock your device with a pin code, or swipe pattern; users can also rely on fingerprint or facial recognition for that extra touch of security.

2) Refrain from Jailbreaks

Jailbreaking my open up a world of possibilities but it may open up a world of unexpected possibilities as well. Major manufacturers advise against as it will usually invalidate your device’s warranty and expose it to unnecessary risks.

3) Apps from the Offical Store Only

Combine a jailbroken phone with a fishy and unofficial app store can lead to problems as apps there don’t go through the various processes needed to make sure it’s not malicious. Official stores regularly remove dangerous apps, keep in mind that unofficial app stores don’t and you can only trust yourself to believing what is safe and what is not.

4) Security Software

People tend to consider their smartphone to being a personal computer then a phone. Whatever the reason, smartphones are similar to PCs and laptops as they are both susceptible to attacks. Reputable softwares like Malwarebytes could save you from ever running into software issues or problems as such.

5) Be Sceptical

Phishing scams exists all around and comes in various forms. Educate yourself and your loved ones to be wary of these kinds of threats and links as there’s no going back after being “phished” in.

6) Don’t doubt what others can do

With a little research and planning, the security of your device cannot only be ensured but also be enhanced. You never know how the hackers are improving; so, by implementing various precautions such as these, you’ll be ready to deal with anything that does come up.

Anwar’s Majority, Will it Affect the Sabah Polls?

Although the Sabah state election is merely days away, the person making headlines so far isn’t any of the listed candidates and isn’t even someone from Sabah at all. 

Parti Keadilan Rakyat president Anwar Ibrahim broke news on Wednesday afternoon that he as the majority to form a new government, citing that the numbers are “strong, formidable and convincing”.

Sending shockwaves across the country, especially in Putrajaya, the aftermath of the announcement could also be felt in Sabah, who themselves are in the midst of preparing for an election.

Shafie Apdal

According to Dr Oh Ei Sun, Senior Fellow at the Singapore Institute of International Affairs, this news would be better for Warisan president Shaife Apdal to reaffirm his support for Anwar.

“In the ‘kingmaker’ seats, which are mainly Kadazandusun-Murut seats, I think they’re still somewhat undecided between restoring Sabah rights on one hand, and development on the other if you don’t vote in federal parties.” 

“So if the federal party is aligned with Shafie and Shafie reaffirms his support for Anwar, then it’s alright, they’ll vote for the Shafie side, either UPKO or Warisan and so on. 

“So it depends on Shafie’s decision,” Dr Oh said in an interview with Channel News Asia.

Sabah and Sarawak

Professor Dr Ahmad Martadha Mohamed heads the Governance and Integrity Cluster at Universti Utara Malaysia’s College of Law, Government and International Studies. 

He says that if Anwar does in fact have a majority, it would not affect Sabah or Sarawak as as both generally prioritise the well-being of their own population.

“In Sabah, a lot of people are voting based on local parties and local issues,” the Kedah-based political analyst said, explaining that issues such as illegal immigration into the state had been a hot topic for the past 20 years in Sabah’s politics, along with other issues such as native land titles and infrastructure development.

“Likewise, Sarawak, and GPS (the ruling political coalition Gabungan Parti Sarawak) will play it safe, as they’re now part of the federal government, and have benefited from being in the Perikatan Nasional coalition,” said Prof Ahmad Martadha, referring to ministerial positions held by GPS MPs, as well as oil royalty payouts.

“Unless it is sure that the federal government is losing support, they’ll still consider supporting whoever can ensure their interests are protected,” he added in the same interview.

Sabah 2020: Follow it Live with Newswav’s New Update!

With the Sabah state elections happening on September 26th, the public may soon find it hard to keep up with the various news that are set to be released on d-day itself.

On top to a global pandemic reducing everyone to following standard operating procedures (SOP) guidelines, the right information matters these days as many false news circulating around social media channels as well.

A NEW Update!

According to Dr Lee Kuok Tiung, a senior lecturer at Universti Malaysia Sabah, the 16th state election shouldn’t be delayed as it would create havoc and would be a violation of the democratic system.

Adapting to all that’s happening around us, Newswav has come up with a tab designated to contain all the latest information related to the Sabah state elections to help ease the matter,

From past winners to current winners, from candidates information to the parties and coalitions, it provides all that one would need to understand the events taking place in Sabah.

Election Data Right At Your Fingertips!

As the fever for the state election grows, more news is set to surface as the election gains momentum. So how do you access the many data that are relevant to the areas? Simple, download the Newswav app where a whole tab would be dedicated for many of those who are following it.

As the recovery movement control order continues until the end of the year, gatherings have had to undergo strict guidelines or be cancelled as a whole, this election may be the first under what is now the new norm, hence, Newswav’s effort to not combat the new norm, but to embrace it instead.

Stay Informed, Stay Ahead. Download Newswav Today!

For now, the race is set to take place on the 26th of September. Keep up with the election news with all Newswav has to offer in its app; information and relevant information especially, at the comfort of your fingertips.  

BN to Suffer after Snubbing Musa Aman?

News broke out earlier this month when the Barisan Nasional coalition announced that they would be snubbing longtime former Sabah Chief Minister, Musa Aman, in the upcoming Sabah state election.

According analysts interviewed by Free Malaysia Today, BN is expected to run into trouble for doing so as Awang Azman Pawi of Universiti Malaya says, Musa’s supporters might retaliate by fielding independent candidates to split votes. 

He also believes that it is possible for Musa to contest as an independent.

According to Lee Kuok Tiung of Universiti Malaysia Sabah, BN might’ve even shot themselves in the foot as most of the financial support would have come from Musa’s group. Is there even a possibility of Musa’s supporters switching to PPBM? Lee believes so.

Other than Musa, Umno Supreme Council member Abdul Rahman Dahlan, Papar Wanita Umno chief Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin and Sabah Umno Wanita chief Jainab Ahmad Ayid were also excluded from the list.

According to Sabah BN election chief Bung Mokhtar Radin, the former chief minister had not asked to be a candidate for BN. 

Azman said that Bung was playing a wild card by doing so as it’s a gamble that not many are willing to take. 

“This is because everyone knows Musa is a very powerful warlord,” he said.

“Musa needs to be brought to the discussion table and placed in a strategic position to prevent him from being upset.”

But he also added that Musa was seen more as a candidate for the Sabah governor’s position and was better for him to sit out the election and let new faces come to the fore.

According to Lee, BN’s list had a lot of newcomers and it seems that UMNO is putting their trust in the younglings. 

“I think it’s time to move on and field new faces, give more room to the younger leaders,” he said.

Lee said former federal minister Salleh Said Keruak, who will stand in Usukan on a BN ticket, was also a potential candidate for the chief minister’s post.

The Sabah election is set for the 26th of September, stay tuned on the Newswav app as there is a new update featuring the Sabah election and all you need find out about any new updates, all delivered right to your fingertips! 

Leading Parties of the Sabah Election

447 candidates vying for a record 73 constituencies, campaigns have been going on in Sabah as the state counts down to the eventual tug-of-war for power, which also includes campaigning on the Internet, social media and also through the ever-classic text messaging.

Although limited due to the strict health protocols in place amid the Covid-19 pandemic, candidates were still determined to get the voice out and message heard.

WARISAN Plus

As early favorites, the Parti Warisan Sabah-Pakatan Harapan-United Progressive Kinabalu Organisation (Warisan-PH-Upko) coalition leaped into motion early on, spearheaded by Shafie Apdal touring the state. 

A coalition standing upon the theme of unity and purposed by the rights and interests of the people, the Warisan campaign team awed followers with its president’s rhetoric skills and down to earth humility.

Upko’s switch from Barisan Nasional in the last round allowed them to take over within days. However, things may be different from then, as this time, Warisan is stepping into the polls as the prior government and has showed what they lack in administering the state, something that their opponents would not take lightly on.

On top of that, it’s PH partner, Parti Keadilan Rakyat is worried to be lacking in representation.

Gabungan Rakyat Sabah

Backed by the Federal Government, the Gabungan Rakyat Sabah (GRS) agenda is well delivered across the state.

“The reason the copy of the document was given to me as the prime minister is because some of the pledges involve the federal government, while some others, the state government.

“This is something that we need to do because the majority of Sabah people are still thirsty for progress and development,” Muhyiddin said when launching GRS.

Muhyiddin also tabled the offer of making Sabah Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (Bersatu) chief Datuk Hajiji Mohd Noor the chief minister if the election results do favour GRS.

Parti Cinta Sabah

Led by Anifah Aman, Parti Cinta Sabah is contesting in all constituencies and is putting their priorities on Sabah issues, similar to Warisan Plus. Although, it also claims to have no links with Warisan or any of the parties from Peninsular Malaysia.

Liberal Democratic Party

When the campaign started, the younger generation started enquiring about the Liberal Democratic Party. The legacy of honorary life president Tan Sri Chong Kah Kiat served as a reminder that things can be achieved by Sabah. 

Independents

So far, some independent candidates have banded together but their ground has remain uncertain, such as the Independent Candidates Alliance led by former Sabah Progressive Party leader Datuk Melanie Chia.

NGO Offers Free Flights for Sabahans Returning Home for Election

With merely a week left to the Sabah elections, a non-governmental organization (NGO) is offering free flight tickets for Sabahans out of state to return home in time to vote on September 26th.

In a statement, Borneo Care stated that “voting is the responsibility of all citizens and eligible voters and urged all Sabahans outside the state to take up the rare offer”.

“Borneo Care has received funds to help bear the cost of flight tickets for the people of Sabah (students and workers) to return to Sabah to vote (in the Sept 26 election).

“We urge you to… take this opportunity (to obtain free flight tickets by) sending necessary details to [email protected],” it said.

Sabahans who are interested are required to provide their full details which includes their full names, identity card numbers, email addresses, contact numbers, as well as return flight dates on AirAsia.

They must also attach a screenshot of their voter registration confirmation information from the Election Commission’s website.

Those wishing to obtain more information can contact Borneo Care officers Alice at 012-2929839; Maria (011-26135788), Gwen Ng (012-2006243), Joel Jalleh (016-2212 088) and Edmund (011-12081030).

According to Transport minister, Wee Ka Siong, the number of flights to Sabah has been increased in the days leading up to the state election.

Prospective voters are also urged to book tickets earlier as prices are lower and operating costs are suspended during this Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO).

North Borneo Dispute Explained

Ever since the inclusion of Sabah and Sarawak with the Malay peninsula to form present day Malaysia in 1963, several suggestions have been used over the years by Filipino politicians to claim that Sabah should be part of modern-day Philippines.

An off and on issue for more than 60 years, a recent Twitter spat involving Philippine Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr and Malaysian Foreign Minister Hishammuddin Hussein resurfaced the controversy between the two countries.

The Philippine Foreign Secretary tweeted in response to a U.S. Embassy in Philippines tweet that referred to Sabah as Sabah, Malaysia. 

The Malaysian Foreign Minister then hit back.

On top of the ongoing and seemingly never-ending dispute, the nation’s second largest state also faces persistent security challenges, such as attacks from Philippine-based militant groups like Abu Sayyaf. 

So, what’s the story behind this longtime dispute?

The sultanate that ruled Sabah’s east areas signed an agreement in 1878 that handled the territory over to the North Borneo Chartered Company (NBCC), a British colonial company that was tasked to exploit the resources in the land.

They make-or-break keyword in the agreement is the term “pajakan”, which then was translated by Spanish linguists in 1878 and by American anthropologists H. Otley Beyer and Harold Conklin in 1946 as lease. The British however, used the interpretation of historian Najeeb Mitry Saleeby in 1908 and William George Maxwell and William Summer Gibson in 1924, which translated “pajak” as grant and cede.

The Philippines has long claimed that this agreement constituted a lease, rather than a full cession, of the territory to the NBCC; Malaysia considers this a non-issue as Putrajaya maintains that the formation of the Federation of Malaysia in 1963 was an act of self-determination by Sabah residents.

Natural resources and national security

Sabah and Sarawak generate about 60% of Malaysia’s oil, although, media reports say that they may only see 5% of the revenue under agreements signed in 1975 with Petronas. Former prime minister Mahathir Mohammad promised to raise the number in the Pakatan Harapan coalition’s manifesto last year while Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin, Petronas’ chief executive said that talks were in the happening to work out an acceptable arrangement between parties.

Will it come to a conclusion?

The Trilateral Cooperation Arrangement signed by Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia in 2016 saw their navies working together to clamp down on Islamic militants in the Sulu Sea. In order to ensure its success, former prime minister, Najib Razak and Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte agreed to set aside the dispute and analysts suggest the success of the arrangement could provide a path forward to finally put the dispute to rest